Surprising insights into climate change

The tropopause, the shifting layer between the troposphere and stratosphere, has increased by about 200 meters over the past two decades, primarily due to greenhouse gases and ozone

Climate researchers from the USA, Germany and Great Britain present model calculations in Science that shed new light on the climatic changes caused by the earth’s inhabitants. Whereas previously the focus was on the temperature rise on Earth or in the stratosphere, scientists are now looking at the tropopause as a marker for unpredictable climatic changes. The calculation is based on satellite data for the period from 1979 to 1999. Using information on greenhouse gases, aerosols, ozone, solar energy and volcanic activity, scientists simulate the conditions for the 20th century. Century. According to their time series analyses, the temperature has been changing rapidly over the last 20 to 30 years: in the troposphere it is rising by about 0.07 degrees Celsius per decade, while in the stratosphere there is a cooling of the same order of magnitude.

Surprising insights into climate change

Time series analysis of tropopause thickness obtained by simulation. Sum and single effects


The “spartan luxury lifestyle” of an alg ii recipient

Text anonymized, people confused – Part 2

A rule set, which nobody in this high knows

As in Part 1: text anonymized, people described confused, one in the paper has "The world" published an article that describes the "spartan luxury lifestyle" of an ALG II-Empfangerin is to document, irritates. He does this, among other things, because the figures and the way in which z.B. the account extracts were represented, did not appear coherent.

Corresponding reactions to the newspaper article were not lacking. Thus kopperschlaeger notes in


Media forgetting

Communication technologies and the memory of society

Modern society is a society of forgetting, at least according to Elena Esposito. According to the Luhmann scholar, the modern media are machines that for centuries have particularly increased the ability to erase data. A high point is now said to have been reached by the computer media, which, according to Esposito, do not record content, only decisions. From this follows – once again – the announcement of a media revolution of the Western world view, to which distinctions such as subject and object or this world and the other world are lost, which incidentally explains the booming market for esotericism.

That there is a connection between the communication media of a society and its ability to remember things was already suspected by Plato in the Phaidros-Dialogue. The invention of letters would instill oblivion – in the souls of learners – because, trusting in the memory capacity of writing, they could neglect their own memory capacity. The Italian sociologist Elena Esposito would probably agree with Plato, even if her new book Social Forgetting is concerned neither with people nor with their souls, but only with communicative structures, in which Esposito finds the memory of society. The modern communication media, she believes, are the "tools of forgetting" – and also the increasingly "increasingly sophisticated forms of information storage are also" "first of all a form of forgetting" represented.


Herbeihalluzinierte creative leeway

The coming federal election and the blogger scene

If Peter Praschl is right in his assertion that not so long ago there was a lot of discussion in the blogger scene (cf. Everyone is editor-in-chief) gave a quasi-consensus on politics ("radically democratic", "civil rights"), one could wonder how this scene will behave in the upcoming federal election. A foray.

On the surface, the aforementioned basic consensus is still intact. For on a surprisingly large number of pages the election campaign, especially that of the major parties, is covered with bitter mockery, but also the Greens and the FDP get their fat off. Admittedly, this often involves no more than watching the political professionals at work, and they offer enough embarrassment. Misguided party advertising, the lamentable chancellor’s duel, and other cane crepusers are spit out by bloggers with professional accuracy. Even election projections, which would make any polling institute green with envy in their precision, can be found weeks before the election, along with the programmatic positions of the parties on the Internet for netizens interesting information that they so elsewhere (but at Telepolis, Cf. Contradictory traditions) hardly find.


“The” left, “the” rights – where to find them?

A list of questions

Left and right – in the German Bundestag the location is not a problem. At least not with the seating order of the parties, if you look at it from the government bench. The Left Party has its place on the far left, the FDP on the far right. Half-left the SPD, half-right the CDU/CSU, in the middle the Grunen. This already looks neat.

But this appearance can be wearing, and who wants to guarantee that the parties will stick to the basic convictions in their policies, which have traditionally been "left" and "right" to be sorted? Maybe these are just relics from the past? The FDP sits on the right fringe, but it is not German national at the moment. Is there a free place in the German parliamentarism?


“It is an abuse of interpretive sovereignty”

Gellermann, Klinkhammer and Brautigam interviewed about the Tagesschau’s reporting

How serious is the journalism that the Tagesschau offers night after night when it comes to far-reaching political topics?? Uli Gellermann, Friedhelm Klinkhammer and Volker Brautigam have just published a book titled "The Power at 8: The Tagesschau Factor" which directs the viewer’s attention to the criticized shallows of the ARD news flagship.

In an interview with Telepolis, the Tagesschau critics even talk about "Exchange manovers by means of clever choice of words", "of politically motivated language" and a "Abuse of the sovereignty of interpretation".


Scientific publication and reputation system hacked

The scientific publication and reputation system is hacked

Science journalist Leonid Schneider on paper mills, where fake scientific papers can be ordered and published in journals

Mr. Schneider, you have been dealing with dysfunctionalities in the scientific system, especially in the field of scientific publishing, for many years in your blog forbetterscience. The Paper Mills phenomenon is a new curiosity. Could you briefly explain what these paper mills are??

Leonid Schneider: A paper mill is a service provider, like essay mills that sell students fake essays and entire dissertations. But the customers of paper mills are academics and doctors. You order there as a customer a scientific paper that fits to a topic of your research direction. The paper is written by ghostwriters, with completely invented scientific results and completely invented falsified data. As it is, paper mills offer a full service: Not only do they write the paper, they even submit it to the journal, they also do the peer review, and if necessary they provide more fictitious data. Whether corrupt journal editors are on the payroll of the paper mills is unclear, but quite likely, as some journals are particularly conspicuously affected. The muhle ames the identity of the listed author, i.e. the customer, including ghost email addresses. The customer does not have to do anything but pay, and in the end gets a published scientific study in an international journal, without having done any research for it. However, one should not confuse this with service providers who merely offer to write the paper according to the customer’s specifications from the customer’s real existing research data. In this case, the client also submits the paper to the journal itself. Although it may be that some service providers offer a broader range of services … What are the quantities to be amed here?

Leonid Schneider: We are only at the beginning. But it will be very, very much. Especially from China, where doctors are expected to publish articles if they want to be promoted. All doctors, not only those at university hospitals, but also those in provincial hospitals. The four colleagues with the pseudonyms Smut Clyde, Morty, Tiger BB8, as well as the well-known Elisabeth Bik, who uncovered these hundreds of fake papers (almost 450 could be assigned to a single paper muhle), have done an unbelievable job. Such an incredible work that even the journal Science refuses to believe they alone had done it. The performance of Smut Clyde, Morty and Tiger BB8 was negated by the Science editors and even two completely uninvolved but "more respectable" Persons assigned: an Australian professor and a staff member of the journal FEBS Letters. Our original article was intentionally not mentioned and not linked to. My point is: instead of productive support, my colleagues and I are getting hostility like this. I hope they have the desire to continue in spite of everything.

Mill operators and the editors of such journals must be in cahoots

In which journals are products from paper mills published as articles most frequently??

Leonid Schneider: My colleagues have identified the following journals as particularly problematic: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry (Wiley) with 52 papers, Biomedicine Pharmacotherapy (Elsevier) with 46 papers and Artificial Cells Nanomedicine and Biotechnology (Taylor Francis) with 76 papers. Many others are also affected, interesting is also the case of the Italian European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences (Verduci Editore). They have accepted masses of papers from paper mills. It is quite clear that the mill operators and the editors of such journals must be in cahoots with each other. A list can be found online and can be consulted. Generally, these are rather unobtrusive journals with an impact factor that is not too high, but high enough to secure the client’s call or a salary bonus. There are many to choose from and the paper mills always find a willing partner. Especially if it is an open access journal, where the money flows from the "Author" directly to the publisher. So, as a rule, these are not so-called predictive or fake journals?

Leonid Schneider: No, not at all. On the other hand, we need to rethink our definition of Predatory Journal. In the meantime, it turned out that predatory journals also operate a kind of peer review, with real scientists as peer reviewers. As my colleagues uncovered, seemingly reputable journals at Wiley, Elsevier, and Taylor can be Francis in reality to be Predatory Journals, where editorial oversight and peer review are mere facades. How to unmask the publications from Paper Mills as their products?

Leonid Schneider: The colleagues have a super talent for uncovering duplications. And they then see that suspiciously similar, fabricated-looking Western blots or FACS plots (roughly speaking, antibody-based analyses of protein expression/modification) keep popping up in various papers. This means that all these papers come from the same paper mill. Then they search for more papers in the same journal or they use other search criteria to find other suspicious publications.


Who is afraid of the black hole?

With the LHC of the nuclear research center CERN also tiny black holes could be produced, in the USA because of alleged risks for the whole earth a complaint was submitted

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest particle accelerator, will soon be completed at the European nuclear research center CERN. The ring accelerator with its 1.700 magnets has a circumference of 27 km. Not everyone, however, buries the planned experiments with the LHC, with which insight into the universe shortly after the Big Bang is to be obtained, for example, by the production of antimatter.

Representation of the decay of a black hole in the ATLAS detector. Image: CERN